May is skin cancer awareness month and, as a back of the pack runner who is also a Board Certified Dermatologist I want to share some practical tips to keep you safe in the summer sun and minimize your risk of skin cancer as you head out for your run.
Those miles you log will prepare you for a great race day, but throughout your training you will also increase your exposure to the sun which can, overtime, increase your risk of skin cancer, premature wrinkling, cataract formation and other skin damage. It is possible to train for a race AND minimize your risk of sun damage and skin cancer by adding a few extra minutes to your pre-run routine. Here are a few sun safety tips:
When the suns rays are the strongest. Best to start those long runs early so that you are finished by 10am.
Many topical and oral medications including those for acne, high blood pressure and birth control can make your skin more sensitive to the sun. Absolutely wear a hat and sunblock to minimize discoloration and potential sunburn.
With a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or greater each and every time you train. Try a “sport” sunscreen which tends to be lighter in texture and less occlusive. If you choose an alcohol based spray product which allows you to spray those hard-to-reach areas, make sure to rub the product in after you spray it on to ensure you have full coverage. Apply to every sun exposed area, remember the rims of your ears, back of your neck, legs and arms. If you have thinning hair or no hair remember to either wear a hat or apply the sunblock to the top of your scalp. Protect your lips by wearing a lip balm with SPF.
And reapply it every 2-4 hours even on cloudy or hazy days. You can still get a sunburn on those days, so get in the habit of re-applying your sunscreen. Pick up a sample size of sunscreen that you can carry in your running shorts or fanny pack or talk to your training group about having some at water stations to reapply it on those long runs.
Having a shirt on will give you some protection (about an SPF of 8) so although you may be really buff, try not to run topless or in a bra.
A hat will protect your scalp if you have thinning hair or no hair. Get one made of a tight weave Coolmax fabric which will keep you cooler on hot days. Sunglasses with UV protection will protect your eyes from sun damage and cataract formation.
Remind your group members to put sun protection on just as you would remind them to hydrate. For you single runners, this is also a great way to work up the nerve to talk to that cutie on the path you have been eyeing!!